Tired of working long hours? High workplace stress may cause stroke, heart failure & other problems

Burnout differs from depression, which is generally characterised by low mood, guilt, and poor self-esteem.

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According to the study's findings, participants with the highest levels of burnout were at a 20 per cent higher risk of developing heart problems.
LOS ANGELES: A prolonged state of emotional, physical, and mental exhaustion -- or burnout -- is associated with a potentially deadly heart rhythm disturbance, according to a study which may lead to new interventions to reduce workplace stress.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), this type of vital exhaustion, called burnout, is a syndrome resulting from chronic workplace stress that has not been successfully managed.

The researchers, including those from the University of Southern California in the US, said burnout differs from depression, which is generally characterised by low mood, guilt, and poor self-esteem.


As part of the study, published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, the scientists surveyed more than 11,000 middle and older-aged adults for the presence of exhaustion, anger, antidepressant use, and poor social support.

They followed the subjects for a period of about 25 years for the development of atrial fibrillation -- an irregular, rapid heart rate which may increase the risk of strokes, heart failure, and other cardiac complications.

According to the study's findings, participants with the highest levels of burnout were at a 20 per cent higher risk of developing atrial fibrillation over the course of follow-up, compared to those with little to no evidence of vital exhaustion.
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While earlier studies had shown the ink between vital exhaustion and heart disease like cardiac arrest and stroke, the current study revealed that burnout may also increase one's risk of developing irregular heartbeats.
While earlier studies had shown the ink between vital exhaustion and heart disease like cardiac arrest and stroke, the current study revealed that burnout may also increase one's risk of developing irregular heartbeats.

"Vital exhaustion is associated with increased inflammation and heightened activation of the body's physiologic stress response," said study co-author Parveen K. Garg of the University of Southern California.

"When these two things are chronically triggered that can have serious and damaging effects on the heart tissue, which could then eventually lead to the development of this arrhythmia," Garg added.

However, the study did not find any associations between anger, antidepressant use, or poor social support, and the development of atrial fibrillation.

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"The findings for anger and social support are consistent with prior research, but two previous studies did find a significant association between antidepressant use and an increased risk of atrial fibrillation. Clearly, more work still needs to be done," Garg said.

While earlier studies had shown the ink between vital exhaustion and heart disease like cardiac arrest and stroke, the current study revealed that burnout may also increase one's risk of developing irregular heartbeats.

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"The importance of avoiding exhaustion through careful attention to, and management of, personal stress levels as a way to help preserve overall cardiovascular health cannot be overstated," Garg said.

World Heart Day: Binge On Legumes, Nuts; Exercise For 45 Mins Daily
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In India, half of all reported heart attacks are caused due to cardiovascular diseases in people under the age of 50, and 25% of those occur in people below 40. The population of cardiovascular patients is rising rapidly, and the disease is afflicting younger people at their peak. While a disease can be pathologically detected and treated at any stage, prevention really is key. Over the last few years, there has been a revival of interest in alternate methods of fitness and well-being accompanied by correction of diet and lifestyle. This approach has a positive impact on the body, and helps prevent major heart diseases.

On World Heart Day, Dr Naresh Trehan, Chairman & Managing Director of Medanta, The Medicity (Gurugram) shares tips to follow for a healthy heart.
In India, half of all reported heart attacks are caused due to cardiovascular diseases in people under the age of 50, and 25% of those occur in people below 40. The population of cardiovascular patie..
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Our lives are becoming increasingly sedentary with people spending most of their time sitting in front of laptop, television or mobile screens. However, our body needs at least 45 minutes of physical activity daily. Introducing habits like walking around while at work or even taking a five-minute break to go out for a stroll can help a lot. This gives the eyes a much-needed break along with the mind and body. Incorporating physical exercises such as walking, running, cycling and aerobics as part of the daily routine is beneficial for heart health.
Our lives are becoming increasingly sedentary with people spending most of their time sitting in front of laptop, television or mobile screens. However, our body needs at least 45 minutes of physical..
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Adequate sleep is key to maintaining a healthy heart. Lack of sleep increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases, despite maintaining other health habits. Our body needs at least 7-8 hours of sleep daily and the lack of it can lead to stress. People with sleep apnea (sleep disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts) must get themselves treated immediately as it increases the risk of heart disease and arrhythmia.
Adequate sleep is key to maintaining a healthy heart. Lack of sleep increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases, despite maintaining other health habits. Our body needs at least 7-8 hours of sleep ..
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Common heart diseases are caused due to high cholesterol, obesity and diabetes. Therefore, it is important to consume a balanced diet. The diet should consist of 'heart-healthy' foods such as green leafy vegetables, whole grains, fatty fish and fish oils, healthy nuts like almonds, legumes like lentils, and fruits, among others. Consume foods that soothe your taste buds, as long as 80 to 90 per cent of what is on your plate comes from a plant or a grain. Don't give into the temptation to consume oily, sugary and junk food items, especially after the age of 40.
Common heart diseases are caused due to high cholesterol, obesity and diabetes. Therefore, it is important to consume a balanced diet. The diet should consist of 'heart-healthy' foods such as green l..
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Mental health and stress are often ignored or overlooked, but they may play a major role in the prevention of common heart diseases.

Stress leads to an increase in hormones like adrenaline and cortisol, which can impact blood pressure and heart rate. Combating stress, especially with the increasingly demanding lifestyles, has long been emphasised. One must identify their triggers for stress and address or avoid them. Practice yoga and meditation to maintain inner calm. This reverses adverse effects of stress and anxiety. In case of loneliness or anxiety, one should seek professional counselling.
Mental health and stress are often ignored or overlooked, but they may play a major role in the prevention of common heart diseases. Stress leads to an increase in hormones like adrenaline and corti..
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Apart from following good habits, overall wellness is also important for heart health. Happiness plays a crucial role in determining wellness. It is important to socialise and strengthen relationships with family and friends for a sense of belongingness which helps overcome daily challenges. Relaxation is integral to having a sound mind and body. It is important to set aside time for hobbies and leisure pursuits. These have a therapeutic effect on the mind.
Apart from following good habits, overall wellness is also important for heart health. Happiness plays a crucial role in determining wellness. It is important to socialise and strengthen relationship..
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Regular screening is essential for monitoring overall health. This becomes even more imperative with increasing age.

While the life expectancy has increased over time, it is worthwhile only when it's disease free. The fundamental focus should be on right living, and the approach to healthcare and wellness should be based on this principle.
Regular screening is essential for monitoring overall health. This becomes even more imperative with increasing age. While the life expectancy has increased over time, it is worthwhile only when it'..
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