Tax sops for middle class, steps on farm crisis likely in interim budget

Union Minister Piyush Goyal. (AP)

Highlights

  • The interim budget is expected to have measures to tackle the farm crisis as well as tax benefits for the middle class
  • The government was widely expected to tweak tax rates in the 2018 Budget but refrained from doing so due to the fiscal implications
NEW DELHI: The interim budget is expected to have “interesting features”, possibly including measures to tackle the farm crisis as well as tax benefits for the middle class, as it reaches out to key constituencies ahead of this summer’s general elections.

The nature of tax concessions that may be announced on Friday is not clear but sources indicated some of the sops may be available during the first few months of the 2019-20 fiscal with the government promising to extend them if voted back to office.

The government was widely expected to tweak tax rates in the 2018 Budget but refrained from doing so due to the fiscal implications, though it has repeatedly stated its philosophy to leave money in the taxpayer’s pocket for higher consumption. The government had announced the Ayushman Bharat scheme which needed public spending and the GST regime was still settling down.


While there has been expectation of the Modi government delivering on the most-watched element of the Budget this year, it was felt that conventions involving the interim budget may come in the way. But senior minister Arun Jaitley recently indicated that the government could initiate steps to address immediate challenges confronting the economy.

In February 2014, then finance minister P Chidambaram had undertaken “some interventions” in the form of reduction in indirect taxes, arguing that they could not wait for the regular budget, which was presented in July. Similarly, in 2009, Pranab Mukherjee announced a stimulus package while responding to the debate in Parliament.

This time, addressing concerns over farm distress and its impact on the overall economy is seen to be the top priority for the government, with interim finance minister Piyush Goyal expected to dedicate a major chunk of his maiden Budget speech to the government’s initiatives and outline the agenda for the future.
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There is already speculation on how far Goyal would go on tax breaks — whether it will be a reworking of slabs or higher standard deduction, or be limited to concessions on purchase of medical insurance. Like the bill to amend the Constitution for providing quotas to economically weaker sections, any proposal on tax-related changes may be tough to oppose by political parties though they may accuse the government of deviating from convention.

There was considerable confusion on Friday over whether the government would present a full Budget or an interim one. Finally, there was clarification from the finance ministry that Goyal will present an interim budget.
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